Accreditation status: A
The Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) of Ghana has the mandate to operate as:
The CHRAJ investigates complaints of human rights violations, denial of the enjoyment of a right, inappropriate administrative actions and decisions of public institutions and public officials and corruption in public institutions or by public officials.
No institution, body or person is excluded from the Commission’s jurisdiction. However, the Commission cannot investigate:
- A matter which is pending before a court or judicial tribunal; or
- A matter involving the relations or dealings between the Government and any other government or an international organization; or
- A matter relating to the exercise of the prerogative of mercy.
Who can access it?
Any person complaining of a human rights abuse, administrative injustice as well as corrupt practices of public officials in Ghana can file a complaint free of charge.
How does it work?
A written complaint that is addressed to the Commission, the Regional Director or the District Officer should always include the following;
- Name and address of both the petitioner and respondent, including postal and residential addresses and telephone numbers, if any.
- Nature of the complaint and all relevant documents.
- The relief being sought.
- Signature by the complainant or his agent.
- Where the complaint is made orally or the complainant cannot read and write, the complaint shall be reduced into writing by the officer at the registry of the Commission or its branch to whom the complaint is made or by any other person chosen by the complainant.
A person who reduces into writing the oral complaint or any person shall:
- Read over and explain the contents to the complainant;
- Declare on the document that the complainant has fully understood or appeared to understand and appreciate the content of the complaint;
- Cause the complainant to append his or her signature or thumbprint to the written complaint.
CHRAJ has a network of District Offices in Ghana that offer free mediation or ADR services to complainants.
CHRAJ can make recommendations for corrective action. If the recommendations are not complied with within three months, CHRAJ can enforce its recommendations through court.
E. Gyimah-Boadi, Kojo P. Asante, Victor Brobbey, George Ofosu, Achieving successful governance in Africa: the case of Ghana’s Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice, Ghana Center for Democratic Development.
Anna Bossman, Promoting and Protecting Human Right, Ensuring Administrative Justice and Fighting Corruption in Ghana, Commonwealth Conference of National Human Rights Institutions, Malborough House, London.