The provinces of Neuquén and Rio Negro are located in the Comahue region of northern Patagonia, with an economic history intimately linked to the consolidation of the national territory, the production of energy (hydrocarbon and hydroelectricity), fruit growing, services, and government. At the time this case study was developed, it was experiencing an economic revolution based on the production of shale gas and shale oil involving massive flows of immigrants in search of employment and inclusion, as well as increased overall expectation of the economic benefits the industry could obtain.
This case seeks to persuade concerning the importance of performing an in-depth examination of the negative and positive effects this process of investment and petroleum production has and could have for the policitcal and economic civic responsibiity of the communities that live in the territory. In particular, it deals with the impacts of the promotion and development of unconventional hydrocarbons in the Vaca Muerta Field, an economically exploitable deposit shared by the provinces of Neuquén an Rio Negro, and the development of public policies aimed at social inclusion. The case offers a basis for discussion aimed at preventive action based on the protection of human rights and the promotion of sustainable development for the region.